East Bay Township, Michigan
|East Bay Charter Township|
|Named for||East Arm of Grand Traverse Bay|
|• Supervisor||Beth Friend|
|• Clerk||Susanne Courtade|
|• Total||42.3 sq mi (109.7 km2)|
|• Land||39.9 sq mi (103.4 km2)|
|• Water||2.4 sq mi (6.3 km2)|
|Elevation||919 ft (280 m)|
|• Density||248.6/sq mi (96.0/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
49686, 49690, 49696
|GNIS feature ID||1626202|
East Bay Charter Township is a charter township of Grand Traverse County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 11,589 at the 2020 census, up from 10,663 at the 2010 census. It is one of three charter townships in Grand Traverse County, the others being Long Lake Township and neighboring Garfield Township. East Bay Township is the second-most populous township in Northern Michigan, behind Garfield Township.
The northern portion of the township is adjacent to Traverse City and is part of that city's urban area. The southern portion remains largely rural, with many small lakes. East Bay Township is the location of Traverse City State Park.
East Bay Township was organized in January 1867.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 42.3 square miles (110 km2), of which 39.9 square miles (103 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) (5.76%) is water.
The township lies at the head of the East Arm of Grand Traverse Bay, from which the township takes its name. The north of East Bay Township is heavily urbanized, while the south remains more rural, with rolling hills, dense forests, and kettle lakes. Traverse City State Park is located in the northwest of the township, along the shore of East Bay.
- Acme Township (north)
- Whitewater Township (northeast)
- Union Township (southeast)
- Paradise Township (south)
- Blair Township (southwest)
- Garfield Township (west)
- Traverse City (northwest)
US Highway 31 and M-72 share a concurrency in the north of the township, paralleling the Grand Traverse Bay shoreline as a major east–west thoroughfare. Grand Traverse County Road 660 (Hammond Road) serves as another east-west local thoroughfare, also used to bypass Traverse City to the south.
- Devils Elbow is an unincorporated community within the township at .
- East Bay is a ghost town near the mouth of Mitchell Creek, at . The community was founded in 1868 as East Traverse Bay, renamed to Traverse Bay in 1873 and to East Bay in 1874. A post office at the location operated from 1868 to 1879. Today, the community is largely urbanized, and is located nearby Traverse City State Park.
- Forest Lakes is a resort community in the south of the township ().
- Holiday Hills is another sprawling suburban community in the north of the township, shared with Acme Township.
- Pine Grove is a suburban neighborhood immediately adjacent to the border with Traverse City. The neighborhood, which is also adjacent to Cherry Capital Airport, was identified as contaminated by PFAS in 2020. It is located at .
- The city of Traverse City is adjacent to the township, bordering it to the northwest.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,919 people, 3,694 households, and 2,737 families residing in the township. The population density was 248.6 inhabitants per square mile (96.0/km2). There were 4,339 housing units at an average density of 108.7 per square mile (42.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 97.31% White, 0.22% African American, 0.87% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.25% of the population.
There were 3,694 households, out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 19.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the township the population was spread out, with 28.4% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $47,569, and the median income for a family was $54,250. Males had a median income of $34,118 versus $23,580 for females. The per capita income for the township was $21,427. About 1.9% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: East Bay Township, Michigan
- "History in Grand Traverse County, Michigan". genealogytrails.com. Retrieved 2023-01-23.
- "Geographic Names Information System". edits.nationalmap.gov. Retrieved 2023-10-17.
- Romig, Walter (1986). Michigan Place Names: The History of the Founding and the Naming of More Than Five Thousand Past and Present Michigan Communities. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. p. 168. ISBN 0-8143-1838-X.
- Mcwhirter, Sheri. "State officials flagged homes for possible PFAS contamination eight months before telling residents". Traverse City Record-Eagle. Retrieved 2023-01-05.